Rückenleiden & Ursachen

Causes

The starting point is damage to the tissue of intervertebral disks which can be put down to different reasons. In principle, intervertebral disk prolapse is accidental and unpredictable. There are no actions that necessarily result in intervertebral disk prolapse. Similarly, there are no actions that can somehow prevent intervertebral disk prolapse. One-sided load and hard manual labor or lack of physical activity such as prolonged sitting sessions do not lead to the disease of intervertebral disks. Still, they can make the existing complaints more severe. Therefore, intervertebral disk prolapse cannot be prevented by any measures of precaution or steady training.

Intervertebral disks and their nourishment

Just like the vitreous body of the eye, the tissue of intervertebral disks is not provided with blood vessels (“capillaries”). On the contrary, nourishment of the internal parts of intervertebral disks is maintained by the lavage fluid distributed through a very sophisticated system of suction and injection (“diffusion”). But this diffusion can be effective only when he molecules of intervertebral disks have a water-binding ability. In space molecules of intervertebral disks follow the pyramidal pattern. These pyramids are dipole by nature. This means that location of molecules points to positive and negative poles binding water (H2O) owing to OH- and H+. Unfavorable genetic conditions, diseases as well as nicotine which poisons substances during metabolism may cause deficient nourishment of the space between intervertebral disks. Then, pyramidal structures break down into chains which do not have the dipole character and, as a consequence, can bind water no longer. As a result of this phenomenon the intervertebral disk contracts. NMR-tomography makes it clear that this results in dehydration and volumetric contraction of the space of intervertebral disks. The intervertebral disk becomes noticeably thinner. This may lead to (1) changes in neighboring vertebras (“osteochondrosis”), (2) shifting of the intervertebral disk to the stomach or (3) shifting of the intervertebral disk to the cerebrospinal canal.